Art History


 Discuss the significance of the reign of Constantine the Great

 Constantine the Great lived between 280 and 337 AD. His reign was characterized by two main events. He established the Christian emperor in Rome by making Christianity a lawful religion in the society of Rome. He was the founder of Constantinople which was the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire. Flavius Valerius Contantinus was born in an important Roman family. He was made the emperor Diocletian emperor by Diocletian in 293. He invaded Italy and Rome, and became the sole master of the Western part of the Roman Empire. He made Christianity a legal religion in 313 by issuing the Edict of Milan. As a result, Christians were given the right to openly practice their religion. Constantine became the sole ruler of the entire Rome by 323. He made Constantinople the capital city of Roman empire in 330. Constantinople emerged as the capital city of Christianity and survived for over a 1000 years (Erdkamp 344-360).


 Choose a Romanesque church from three separate regions. Discuss the significance of the Romanesque style in church building and what differences are apparent in the three examples chosen

 The Romanesque art emerged during the middle age. It is found all over Europe. The Romanesque architecture differs depending on the region. Romanesque architecture began in France and later spread to Spain via the Pilgrimage routes. The design is characterized by several vaulted styles, provence and Auvergne. Sainte Magdalene, Vezelay is one of the Romanesque architecture in France. It has a unique Cluny appearance. The church is the main building in the Romanesque architecture. It is a sign of God’s presence in a Kingdom. The Pisa Cathedral, in Tuscany is one of the great Romanesque architecture in Italy. The structure was made using byzantine, Arabic design and mosaics. It consists of three separate buildings, that is, the church, baptistery and the bell tower. The church has open arches, decorative elements, and facades with sculptures. Romanesque in Spain is characterized by Catalan churches. Santiago’s cathedral is one of the Romanesque architecture in Spain. Catalan churches are unique since they have triple apse. Apse is the holiest place in a church (Fernie 16-26).