Counseling and program evaluation


The study conducted was meant to identify and analyze the experienced outcomes of a structured psychosocial programme1Q that incorporated counseling and support for individual patients suffering from Alzheimer’s disease and their caregivers (Sørensen, Waldorff & Waldemar, 2008). Data was adequately conducted through semi-structured interviews conducted separately with every patient in ten couples before incorporation of the intervention programs and one to three months after this intervention. The analysis revealed that support groups increased the patients’ self-esteem and enabled them to manage their daily lives and social relations. During and even after the intervention, caregivers easily coped with challenges that involved the patient’s disease. Thus, after the intervention, both the patients and their caregivers looked for suitable support groups they could engage in as part of their permanent activity while the caregivers engaged in permanent counseling.


 As such, there are various statistical concepts that are important for this article. One of them is the ratio data which gives an ordered and a more constant scale. Ratio data includes such concepts such as height, age, and weight. As such, the researcher will be in a position to know the ages of individuals mostly affected by Alzheimer’s disease and how intervention programs affect them. The other concept is the nominal data which gives the names or categories or classification data (Ladd & Rand, 2006). Examples include marital status and gender. As such, the counselor will be in a position to know whether those affected are married and which gender they belong to enabling them to come up with counseling strategies that suit them. The third concept crucial is both the dependent and independent variables.

 The statistical method used in this article is the sampling method where a sub-sample of eleven couples of the patients and their caregivers out of the 165 couples were randomized to this intervention. Sampling is important in counseling since it enables the counselors to get accurate results of the number of patients’ suffering from Alzheimer’s disease in that area and how intervention programs assist them and their caregivers. It is, therefore, important that the right and correct sampling techniques are used to ensure that ensure that counselors have their best and accurate results.

 There are various ethical or socio-cultural considerations that can be used in the interpretations of the statistics results. One of them is the issue of confidentiality and anonymity. The data collected in these statics should remain confidential and ensure that the identity of the participants is kept anonymous from other individuals (Davison, Rance & Thomas, 2013). The reason is that some of this information and data collected could be misused if it got into the hands of the wrong individuals other than the researchers.

Another consideration is the issue of informed consent. It is important that researchers inform the research participants of what the research entails before they get involved in it. As such, the participants can either choose to engage in it or not. Informed consent is important since the participants are informed about what the research will require regarding their identity and informing them that this data will remain confidential. Informed consent also ensures that these participants are informed about the outcome of the research once it is completed and results identified.