The two theories considered for this essay include Reality and Person-centered theories. As such, the treatise will discuss the two theories and elucidate how they may be applicable to the case presented and one of the theories is best suited to helping Ruth surmount her predicament.
Person- Centered theory
This is a theory that was postulated by Carl Rogers to enhance the individual’s feelings of self-regard, reduction of the level of dissonance between the ideal and the real self, and assist the individual become amply functioning. Rogers postulates through this theory that regardless of the problems that a person is experiencing, he/she can meliorate without any particular form of teaching by a counsellor, the moment they embrace who they are and show respect to themselves (Rogers, 1980).
He said that the person has within him/herself the immense resources for understanding themselves, for changing his/her attitudes, individual concept and behavior that is self-directed. These immense resources can be tapped under a conducive and determinable mood of helpful psychological attitudes. Rogers asserts that harmony, categorical positive regard, and empathetic understanding are the three major conditions of this approach.
To set the ball rolling, harmony/congruence denotes that the therapy is unfeigned and veritable. The more the specialist is himself or herself in the relationship, putting up no expert front or individual exterior, the more noteworthy is the probability that the customer will change and develop in a helpful way. This implies that the specialist is straightforwardly being the emotions and mentalities that are streaming inside right now. The expression straightforward gets the kind of this condition: the specialist makes himself or herself straightforward to the customer; the customer can see directly through what the specialist is in the relationship; the customer encounters no keeping down on the part of the advisor (Rogers, 1980). With respect to the advisor, what he or she is encountering is accessible to mindfulness, can be lived in the relationship, and can be imparted, if proper. Hence, there is a nearby coordinating, or compatibility, between what is being experienced at the gut level, what is present in mindfulness, and what is communicated to the customer.
Categorical positive respect includes fundamental acknowledgment and backing of a man, paying little heed to what the individual says or does. The second state of mind of significance in making an atmosphere for change is acknowledgment, or minding, or prizing—what I have called genuine positive respect. When the advisor is encountering a positive, acceptant state of mind toward whatever the customer is right then and there, restorative development or change will probably happen (Rogers, 1980). The advisor is willing for the customer to be whatever prompt feeling is going on—disarray, hatred, apprehension, outrage, boldness, love, or pride. Such minding with respect to the specialist is non-possessive. The specialist prizes the customer in an aggregate instead of a contingent
Reality theory was posited by William Glasser in an attempt to establish a treatment technique for assisting customers make the most effective behavioral selections and learn to account for their conduct and thereby getting their needs catered for without trampling on the needs of other people (Glasser, 1988). He says that the essential issue for individuals asking psychiatric administrations was a powerlessness to meet their fundamental physiological and mental needs. At the time, Glasser revealed two needs of psychology including the need to love and be loved also, the need to feel that we are beneficial to ourselves as well as other people" (1988, p. 10). A crucial part of Reality Therapy was an understanding that individuals who adore and are cherished will feel beneficial and can give love consequently. At the point when individuals can't get these needs met, the agonizing discernments they experience give an inside inspiration to mitigate the torment.
Reality Therapy was at first comprised of three entwined systems: 1) making association; 2) offering the customer some assistance with identifying inadequate conduct while as yet looking after the helpful relationship; and 3) showing the customer more successful approaches to address essential issues (Glasser, 1988). A foundation of the Reality Therapy procedure was its accentuation on tolerating customers uncritically and understanding their conduct. As opposed to the psychoanalytic methodology, Glasser expressed that "the specialist must have the capacity to wind up candidly included with each persistent.
To some degree, he must be influenced by the patient, and his issues and even endure with him" (1988, p. 28). Concentrating on the present to progress in the direction without bounds, and on the customer's capacity to just control his/her own conduct, the specialist encouraged the procedure so that the customer at last chose whether his/her conduct was capable and whether to change it. By 1972, the procedure had advanced to incorporate seven standards: 1) contribution; 2) recognizing current conduct; 3) assessing conduct; 4) arranging capable conduct; 5) making a promise; 6) tolerating no reasons; and 7) forcing no disciplines. The use of these standards could change however covered (Glasser, 1988).
Based on the two theories discussed, I have noted that the best approach suited for the case study, is the reality therapy as it allows Ruth to be who she is and operate in the current atmosphere of pragmatism, practicality and reality. This atmosphere permits tolerance, capable behavior among other things. It is better to be practical with herself and do things that will make keep her happy, reduce her anxiety as well as the multiple fears she has regarding her family and the relationship with both her children and the husband.